How you can avoid becoming a victim

How you can avoid becoming a victim

There had been a lot of talk in the media mainstream and social about the potential for terrorist action against civilians in Australia.

The profile of a terrorist victim is now a random person at a random location. The nation threat level is now high, what is your personal awareness and defensive level set at?

How do you avoid becoming a victim?

If you are attacked by a lion you don't have to be the fastest gazelle, you just have to be faster than at least one other, rephrased, you don't have to be the ultimate weapon you just have to be more aware and more dangerous than the average person, an attacker be it a mugger rapist or terrorist will look for a weaker target.

What can the average person do to minimize the risk of attack?

Develop your awareness skills

There are four levels of awareness

Level 4: Safe and Sound – When you are at home with the door and windows locked.

Level 3: Heightened Awareness – As soon as you step outside you safe and sound zone.

Level 2: Detection of a possible Threat - When you have detected a potential threat

Level 1: Confirmed Threat – When the threat has been confirmed.

An analysis of the levels

Level 4: Safe and Sound – This takes no training as most people operate in this mode 24/7. It should only be used when you are at home or other places that there is little of no chance of attack. (Future blog making your home your fortress - coming soon)

Level 3: Heightened Awareness – When you step outside you safe and sound zone you should consciously raise your level of awareness. This means being aware of your personal space. When most people think about personal space they tend to think 1 to 2 metres from them. Your personal space is as far as you can see in every direction. When you are out in public be aware look around you.

Heightened awareness also involves thinking about your defensive options if someone attacks you, what you would do if. This may involve running, communicating or defending yourself. If you do not have any defensive training I strongly recommend that in the current climate you invest 2-4 hour per week to learn and develop the skills that may protect you or someone you care about.

Developing awareness is a skill, it is not difficult, I designed an awareness development program that is available on CD; this program is a one of a kind in Australia and had been sold worldwide over the past 10 years.

Part of awareness development is designing your personal deliberate action plan (DAP), a stocktake of your life to see where potential dangers are and taking some action to minimise the danger. For example if you park your car in a poorly lit carpark at night, make a change to that. If you walk at night home from work for example think about other options or perhaps an adaptive improvised weapons such as a walking stick. (see our can I carry a weapon for self defence blog).

D.A.P – SAFE model

S:         Survey - Review your lifestyle to detect potential risks

A:         Assess - any potential risks and what you can do to minimise any dangers

F:         Formulate a plan - a “what if this happens, what would I do” plan

E:         Execute the plan - If the need arises execute your plan


Level 2: Detection of a possible Threat – This is where you start running your immediate action plan in your head – what will you do if the threat becomes confirmed. It is better to assume a threat is real and be wrong that to not see the threat coming. Again I recommend some form of self defence training; this will give you a number of tactical options.

Once you have detected the threat keep the person under close observation, if the alarm bell goes off in your head listen to it.

Level 1: Confirmed Threat – This is when you need to take action and run the immediate action plan (IAP).

I.A.P – ESCAPE model

E:         Early detection of threat -Awareness & D.A.P

S:         Step back - Always step out of grabbing, punching or stabbing range

C:         Communicate -Try to talk, explain that you don’t want trouble while buying time and planning your next move

A:         Assess- The immediate threat, the location, other treats, potential for escape

P:         Prepare - Get ready to run your D.A.P. Position yourself for engagement or escape

E:         Execute - Engage (D.A.P.) or Evade

 What else can you do

1. Develop your defensive capabilities

You don’t have to be a black belt to defend yourself but training will help. Set aside 2-4 hour a week to develop self defence skills.

2. Maintain your fitness, being fit can help if you have to run, it will also help if you have to fight

3. Get you family and friends involved, this will allow you to practice the techniques and tactics you have been taught outside the class and will help keep you motivated, you may save a life of someone you care about.

If you would like details of your self defence and personal safety classes or to obtain a copy of the awareness development CD - ‘Train your Brain” please contact us at

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Penrith Self Defence & Bukido Martial Arts

Penrith Self Defence & Bukido Martial Arts